- Interested in debt recycling to pay off your home loan faster?
- How debt recycling works and how to go about it.
- Pros and cons of debt recycling.
If you want to change the way you pay off your home loan, converting your debt from non tax-deductible to tax deductible, debt recycling could be an option. It’s an interesting and potentially very beneficial strategy, but it’s not without risk.
We take an in-depth look at debt recycling, including who can do it, its tax implications and its benefits and risks.
In this guide
What is debt recycling?
Debt recycling is a method of paying off your home loan by using equity in your home to invest in assets that produce income (such as shares and ETFs). The idea is to take the income from your investments and pay it towards your home loan, meaning you can pay off your loan faster than if you were making just regular monthly repayments.
As you pay off your mortgage, you are increasing the equity in your home, meaning you can borrow more money against your property and invest it again.
At the same time, you are shifting the non tax-deductible debt of your home loan to the tax-deductible debt of an investment loan.
How it works
The best way to explain how debt recycling works is to use an example.
Let’s say your home is worth $600,000 and your remaining mortgage is $300,000.
In theory you have $300,000 of equity you can borrow, but most lenders will only lend you 80% of the value of your home (a ratio known as the LVR), minus your mortgage.
Eighty per cent of $600,000 is $480,000. Take the $300,00 of your mortgage away from that, and you are left with usable equity of $180,000.
Next, you take out $100,000 of that equity as a tax-deductible investment loan and put it into income-earning assets such as shares, ETFs and mutual funds.
Over the next year, your investments increase in value by $8,000 and yield an income of $6,000.
You take that $6,000 of investment income and put it towards paying off your mortgage. Added to regular principal repayments on your mortgage totalling $10,000, you reduce your mortgage by $16,000 in the year.
This has of course increased the equity in your home and you then take out that $16,000 in additional equity and invest it again into more income-earning assets.
The process is repeated until your mortgage is paid off.
Who can do it?
Not everyone is able to go down the debt recycling route. There are some prerequisites you need to meet before you can start your debt recycling journey.
- Equity in your home, and a home loan. Without equity in your home, you won’t be able to borrow further funds against it.
- A regular income that is separate from your debt recycling plan. You will need this income to cover the interest repayments on your investment loan if they are not covered by dividends or other investment income.
- A reasonable appetite for risk. There is risk involved in debt recycling, including the possibility your investments might tank. You also might have to be prepared to ride out some significant market fluctuations.
- A long-term strategy. You will need to be able to invest in this strategy for at least seven years for it to be effective. In other words, don’t add further risk by short-term trading.
Although one of the key benefits of debt recycling is that the interest on your investment loan is usually tax-deductible, there are tax implications on your realised capital gains from your investments.
For example, when you sell any shares at a profit, you will incur Capital Gains Tax. The tax office considers any profits from share sales as part of your income and they will be taxed at your marginal tax rate after including any other income you earn.
Benefits vs risk assessment
The key benefits of debt recycling are:
- You can pay off your home more quickly, therefore reducing the interest you are paying on your home loan.
- You are building growth assets while you are paying off your mortgage, instead of having to wait until you have paid off your home.
- Your are shifting your loan interest from non-deductible to tax-deductible. Home loan interest is not tax deductible (unless it’s a loan against an investment property) but investment loan interest is usually deductible.
In a best-case scenario, you will have paid off your home loan early and built up a substantial investment portfolio, all while reducing your tax bill.
There are risks associated with debt recycling that you should take into consideration before you consider it as a strategy. You are using borrowed money to invest, using your home as security.
These risks include:
- The value of your investments tanks. All investment involves risk, but investing using debt magnifies both the possible upsides and possible downsides. Should your investments go pear-shaped, you could end up with nothing to show for them, while still having to pay off your investment loan. Not a pleasant scenario.
- Your home loan and investment loan interest rates go up. There is the possibility your loan interest rates go up, meaning the income from your investments will have to at least cover these increases for your strategy to be effective.
The worst-case scenario is that you lose your home. By taking out an investment loan based on the equity from your house, you now have to service another loan.
If you are somehow unable to meet your mortgage repayments and/or the interest payments on your investment loan, your lender(s) could come for your home because both loans are secured against it.
If your circumstances are right and you manage it well, debt recycling can be an effective way of paying off your mortgage more quickly, while building wealth and reducing your tax bill at the same time.
However, it can also be a very risky enterprise, and you need to carefully consider the potential downsides before going down the debt recycling path.